ENGLISH GRAMMAR, speed test.

ENGLISH GRAMMAR, speed test.

How quickly can you answer these questions?

Watch out for the timer at the bottom of the page.

Welcome to your English grammar, speed test.

Are you preparing for an English language test? If so, most of you will know many of the pitfalls of English grammar, but the question is .......how fast are you ???

If you are a new learner take your time to think about your answers but if you are a more advanced learner  you can give yourself an extra challenge by setting a  time limit. Start by allowing yourself 2 minutes to answer these 15 questions (that's 8 seconds per question which is the usual amount of time you should allow yourself in language tests such as the TOEIC® and TOEFL®) and then try again getting faster and faster. 

Before you start, have you every wondered about the origin of the word "grammar"?

The word grammar is derived from Greek γραμματικὴ τέχνη (grammatikē technē), which means "art of letters", from γράμμα (gramma), "letter", itself from γράφειν(graphein), "to draw, to write".

You can see the influence of this in words such as telegram, diagram, hologram and many, many more.

The first English grammar book was published in 1586 by the printer William Bollokar who wanted to show that the English language was just as structured, therefore just as important, as Latin, the main scholarly language of the time. The 18th century saw the publication of many grammar guides, in particular Samuel Johnson's A dictionary of the English Language which had a section devoted to English grammar. 

However, the standard for all modern grammar books is A Dictionary of Modern English Usage written by Henry Fowler in 1926 and it has become so influential that it is known simply as "Fowler's".  The success of this book was Fowler's direct, vigorous writing style and his opinions in which he firmly advised against convoluted sentence construction, the use of foreign words and phrases, and the use of archaisms. He opposed pedantry, ridiculed artificial grammar rules and encouraged natural English usage. He set the standard for where to place a preposition in a sentence, where the word "only" should be placed  and the rules distinguishing between which and that.

So are you ready ......GO !!!!

 

 

 

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So how did you do ?

Keep tuned to the EFL PODBLOG for news of an exciting new site devoted to improving your English grammar, vocabulary and listening skills..... in short, how to get a better score in all your language tests.



The symbols of Australia

The symbols of Australia

The symbols of Australia

The symbols of Australia include the flag, national colours, the coat of arms and the national anthem, but there are many other things that make up the symbols of Australia – listen to Sue interview an Australian about the symbols of Australia.

The Australian Flag

The stars of the Southern Cross represent Australia’s geographic position in the Southern Hemisphere. The large Commonwealth star symbolises the federation of the states and territories, and the Union Jack reflects Australia’s early ties to Great Britain.

The National Colours

Australia’s national colours are green and gold, the colours of its national floral emblem, the Golden Wattle.

The Coat of Arms

The Australian coat of arms consists of a shield containing the badges of the six Australian states symbolising federation, and the national symbols of the Golden Wattle, the kangaroo and the emu. By popular tradition, the kangaroo is accepted as the national animal emblem. The Golden Wattle was proclaimed the national floral emblem in August 1988.

National Anthem

Advance Australia Fair has been Australia’s official national anthem since 19 April 1984.

National Day

Australia Day is celebrated each year on 26 January. The date is the anniversary of the unfurling of the British flag at Sydney Cove in 1788.

National Holidays

Australia has 12 public holidays a year, including New Year’s Day, Australia Day and Anzac Day.

An Australian soldier carries a wounded comrade near North Beach, Gallipoli
An Australian soldier carries a wounded comrade near North Beach, Gallipoli (AWM H10363)

DID YOU KNOW?

Anzac Day, 25 April, is a national day of commemoration for all Australians who have fought in wars. It is the day the Australia and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) landed at Gallipoli in Turkey in 1915 during World War I. To mark Anzac Day, Australians and New Zealanders attend ceremonies at home and around the world, including in Gallipoli. In 2015, Australia marked the centenary of the Anzac landing with a ceremony at Gallipoli.

Drawn from the collection of the National Museum of Australia, the Symbols of Australia exhibition explored some of the symbols Australians have chosen to represent themselves and their nation.

Australia — both ancient continent and recent nation — is represented by many symbols. National symbols are often used to represent a distinctive national identity. Some symbols endure, others fade away and new symbols develop as attitudes and values change. Often a source of unity and pride, symbols can also divide and exclude.

The Australian flag is legislated as an official symbol. Others, like the kangaroo and wattle, have changed from popular to official symbols over time. The boomerang was a symbol of the continent long before the nation came into being. In the 20th century, the Sydney Harbour Bridge came to symbolise Australia’s spectacular attractions, while the Holden car became an emblem of the everyday.

Text courtesy of Australian Government department of foreign affairs & Trade

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